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Don’t blind yourself to this complication of OSA
Posted on November 23rd, 2021
Several recent studies have shown that, when it comes to OSA, diabetics are at a higher risk for complications, especially in their eyes. Untreated sleep apnea increases the risks for several kinds of diabetic eye disease, including macular edema and diabetic retinopathy.
In the study, a diagnosis of retinal issues in a patient with diabetes was followed by a diagnosis of obstructive sleep apnea 86% of the time, so there was a clear indication that the conditions are linked somehow. Additionally, 39% of those diagnosed with OSA were not yet obese. These are patients who might not have been screened and treated if it wasn’t for the diagnosis of retinopathy.
The good news is that getting treatment for OSA stopped or slowed the progression of eye disease in many of the patients. However, this suggests that untreated OSA may have contributed to the disease in the first place. Additionally, untreated OSA was associated with more kidney damage and worse blood sugar control in diabetics.
What does this mean for diabetics?
If you have diabetes and are beginning to experience retinopathy, get a sleep study. There is a good chance that OSA is contributing to your condition. A sleep study should immediately follow any new diagnosis of type II diabetes or high blood pressure.
If you have OSA and have not been able to comply with your prescribed CPAP treatments, look for treatment alternatives, such as an oral appliance. Treatment only works if you use it, so a treatment that you use every night is going to have better effects than one that sits unused on your bedside table.
Finally, even if you’re not obese if you notice your blood pressure, cholesterol, or blood sugar numbers are starting to rise, get a sleep study. It’s easier to prevent the OSA disease process than it is to reverse it.
What does this mean for practitioners of dental sleep medicine?
Whenever one of your patients has a new diagnosis of type 2 diabetes, diabetic retinopathy, or loss of kidney function, get them screened, diagnosed, and treated. OSA treatment is essential for the proper management of type 2 diabetes.
If you’d like to know more about how sleep impacts whole-body health, read Airway is Life, Dr. Dassani’s guide to sleep and airway health.
Dr. Meghna Dassani has practiced dentistry for over two decades and is passionate about the role dentists play in whole-body health. You can learn more at her website: MeghnaDassani.com.
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